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KAJIAN ESTETIKA BENTUK ARCA DURGA MAHISASURAMARDHINI DI PURA KEDHARMAN KUTRI BLAHBATUH, GIANYAR

D. Krsna, Satyanda (2015) KAJIAN ESTETIKA BENTUK ARCA DURGA MAHISASURAMARDHINI DI PURA KEDHARMAN KUTRI BLAHBATUH, GIANYAR. Documentation. ISI Denpasar.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRAK Arca Durga Mahisasuramardhini di Pura Kedharman Kutri sangat menarik untuk dikaji dari segi estetika bentuk, begitu juga nilai bentuk, dan fungsi bentuknya. Permasalahan timbul pada awalnya karena bentuk yang tersisa dari arca tersebut tidak terlihat jelas mengingat eksistensi arca Durga Mahisasuramardhini di tengah masyarakat desa Kutri yang mengampu Pura Kedharman Kutri. Berdasarkan kajian yang dilakukan terhadap bentuk Arca Durga Mahisasuramardhini, dengan demikian diperoleh hasil terkait dengan masalah penelitian: (1) Bentuk Arca Durga Mahisasuramardhini mengandung simbol-simbol Hindu. Bentuk-bentuk arca ini adalah sebagai bentuk visual (visual form) yang sangat erat dengan kepercayaan bahwa Dewi Durga adalah ibu alam semesta pemberi kasih sayang, dewi kesuburan, dan sekaligus dewi penumpas kejahatan. Peran-peran ini diwujudkan dalam bentuk Dewi Durga yang sedang menginjak dan membunuh Mahisasura. Bentuk khusus (special form) ditunjukkan dengan wujud arca atau patung yang dibuat dengan totalitas tinggi. Inilah yang mendukung daya estetis dan daya magis pengantar kesakralan Arca Durga Mahisasuramardhini. (2) Nilai estetika arca ini ditimbulkan oleh daya penyadaran, pembelajaran, dan daya pesona Arca Mahisasuramardhini di Pura Kedharman Kutri. Dan (3) fungsi tampak arca ini adalah sebagai karya seni dan arca pemujaan. Di samping itu, fungsi terselubung arca ini adalah mendorong perasaan religius-magis penikmatnya, juga kehidupan sosial masyarakat pengampu Pura Kedharman Kutri sebagai fungsi sosialnya. Kata kunci: bentuk, nilai, fungsi, estetika, arca Durga Mahisasuramardhini ABSTRACT The statue of Durga Mahisasuramardhini in Pura Kedharman Kutri is very interesting to study from the viewpoint of the aesthetic of its form as well as the values and functions of its form. The problem emerges due to firstly the remaining of its form cannot be clearly seen anymore since its important existence of the statue of Durga Mahisasuramardhine in Pura Kedharman Kutri among the society of Kutri area. Based on the analysis conducted to the form of the statue of Durga Mahisasuramardhini, finally, the results of the study were: (1) The form of the statue of Durga Mahisasuramardhini contains the Hindu symbols. The details of the statue is the visual form, in which these details were firmly associated with the beliefs that Durga Devi is a mother of the universe, love and affection bestowing goddess, the goddess of prosperity, and at once the destroyer of the evil spirits. These roles were visualized through the form of Durga Devi who is trampling down on and killing Mahisasura. Its special form is sculptured in the shape of statue with high totality. This motivates the aesthetic and the magical powers that bring the sacredness of the Durga Mahisasuramardhini statue. (2) The aesthetic value 2 of the statue is evoked by the sense of awareness, learning, and charms of the statue of Durga Mahisasuramardhini in Pura Kedharman Kutri. And (3) the manifest function of this statue is to stimulate the viewer aesthetic senses related to the art and beauty. Besides, the latent function is made to evoke the religious-magical feeling of the viewers as well as the social life of the adherers of Pura Kedharman Kutri as its social function. Keywords: form, value, function, aesthetic, statue of Durga Mahisasuramardhini

    Item Type: Monograph (Documentation)
    Subjects: N Fine Arts > NX Arts in general
    Divisions: Faculty > Fine Arts and Design Faculty > Craft Department
    Depositing User: Mrs Dwi Gunawati
    Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2015 14:03
    Last Modified: 10 Dec 2015 14:03
    URI: http://repo.isi-dps.ac.id/id/eprint/2183

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